By Michael Irving Jensen
Hamas is best-known to outsiders as an army organisation. Its political wing has acquired much less consciousness, and it is usually assumed that the universities, hospitals and universities it runs are basically tools for the dissemination of a jihadist ideology. Following its shock victory within the 2006 Palestinian elections, it truly is extra vital than ever to appreciate its politics. How critical is its dedication to democracy? Did humans vote for Hamas inspite of or as a result of its Islamic agenda? Drawing on large fieldwork in Gaza, Michael Irving Jensen addresses those questions, and provides the 1st multidimensional portrait of this complicated organisation. according to interviews with the management, the rank-and-file, and usual Palestinians, Jensen exhibits how Hamas's formally acknowledged pursuits relate to the social and political realities of the West financial institution and Gaza. In doing so he lays the basis for a extra actual approach of knowing the company, and the course within which its battle with Israel is traveling.
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Extra info for The Political Ideology of Hamas: A Grassroots Perspective (Library of Modern Middle East Studies)
The entire world was watching the Palestinian Authority, and this virtually forced Arafat to try to eliminate Hamas. Thus the security co-operation between the Authority, Israel and the CIA proved effective. But this was not the only rea- THE CONTEXT 37 son for Hamas’ greater moderation. The shift in policy was undoubtedly due to recognition, on the part of the Hamas leadership, that change was necessary if the movement was to survive at all. 103 Thus in recent years Hamas has moved towards a new role that can best be described as that of a “loyal opposition”.
So we will keep to a hudna and live in peace and let others live in peace. Maybe we’ll establish good connections, maybe not. 100 Thus there is no doubt that groups within Hamas have sought to adopt a pragmatic, realpolitik approach to recent developments. The movement has therefore shifted from a total rejection of the state of Israel’s right to exist to de facto recognition. 101 This is noteworthy precisely because, in its rhetoric, Hamas has been overly critical and sceptical towards the UN in general, particularly with regard to the UN’s 1947 plan for dividing the territory.
It is only through Israeli acquiescence that the Palestinians will be able to acquire anything. Meanwhile, as we all know, the Palestinians do not occupy Israel, nor do they have any illegal settlements in Israel, nor have they undertaken the ethnic cleansing of a large part of the Israeli population. The only negotiating leverage the Palestinians possesses lies in the small word “no”. Targeting Hamas Although the IDF during the Aqsa Intifada initially focused on destroying the infrastructure of the Palestinian Authority, the spotlight eventually turned on Hamas, with a number of targeted killings of Izz ad-Din alQassam leaders.
The Political Ideology of Hamas: A Grassroots Perspective (Library of Modern Middle East Studies) by Michael Irving Jensen