By Jyoti Puri
In Sexual States Jyoti Puri tracks the efforts to decriminalize homosexuality in India to teach how the law of sexuality is essentially tied to the production and enduring life of the nation. in view that 2001 activists have tried to rewrite part 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which as well as outlawing gay habit is frequently used to prosecute a number of actions and teams which are thought of perverse. Having interviewed activists and NGO staff all through 5 metropolitan facilities, investigated crime facts and case legislation, visited a variety of kingdom associations, and met with the police, Puri chanced on that part 377 is yet one part of how homosexuality is regulated in India. This statute works along the big and intricate procedure of legislation, practices, guidelines, and discourses meant to mitigate sexuality's hazard to the social order whereas upholding the country as inevitable, valid, and essential. by means of highlighting a few of the capacity wherein the legislation of sexuality constitutes India's heterogeneous and fragmented "sexual state," Puri presents a conceptual framework to appreciate the hyperlinks among sexuality and the country extra greatly.
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Additional resources for Sexual States: Governance and the Struggle over the Antisodomy Law in India
Introducing one regulatory mechanism after another, especially since the late 1990s, helped reassert the state’s indispensability in managing sexuality’s irrational, excessive, and ever-present potential to disrupt the social order. The imperative to “save” besotted men and the women who posed a danger to men as well as themselves aided in reproducing the state as the centerpiece of governance despite liberalization, or perhaps more necessary because of it. S. 49 These sexualized edicts, policies, and discourses, then, are fruitfully understood as traces of the sexual state, which is reproduced amid changing regional, national, and transnational contexts and reflected in the struggle against the antisodomy law.
In Russia lawmakers have passed legislation against “homosexual propaganda,” and Nigeria has expanded and intensified the criminalization of homosexuality. Instances of sexualized forms of governance—legislation, policy shifts, decriminalization or intensified proscriptions—are numerous. Coming to grips with them illuminates how they help produce the state as an elemental, normal, if not natural, feature of social life and as ever more important to ensuring social stability. The usefulness of tracing governance’s recourse to sexuality became amply evident in what started off as an innocuous quest for statistics related to the antisodomy law, Section 377.
45 Heteronormativity is also incongruous with the language of Section 377, which emphasizes “unnatural carnal intercourse,” or samesex as well as cross-sex sexual practices outside the putative realm of nature and normality. 46 Finally, by mapping the differences between crime against women and Section 377 in terms of presence and erasure, heteronormativity does not facilitate grappling with sexuality’s effects on governance practices when they do not align neatly along axes of heterosexuality and homosexuality.
Sexual States: Governance and the Struggle over the Antisodomy Law in India by Jyoti Puri