By John Haugeland
Brain layout is the undertaking to appreciate brain (thinking, mind) by way of its layout (how it truly is outfitted, the way it works). in contrast to conventional empirical psychology, it really is extra orientated towards the "how" than the "what. An scan in brain layout is prone to be an try and construct whatever and make it paintings - as in man made intelligence - than to watch or research what already exists. brain layout is psychology by way of opposite engineering.
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Wer eine replacement zum Kapitalismus will, den hat etwas gestört. Ausgangspunkt der Frage nach der substitute zum Kapitalismus ist eine Kritik am Kapitalismus, das heißt eine richtige oder falsche Erklärung des Kapitalismus. In der Naturwissenschaft wie im praktischen Leben weiß jeder, dass die Erklärung des Gegenstandes die Grundlage für seine Beherrschung ist.
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Extra info for Mind design II: philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence
4 Digital computers The idea behind digital computers may be explained by saying that these machines are intended to carry out any operations which could be done by a human computer. The human computer is supposed to be following fixed rules; he has no authority to deviate from them in any detail. We may suppose that these rules are supplied in a book, which is altered whenever he is put on to a new job. He has also an unlimited supply of paper on which he does his calculations. He may also do his multiplications and additions on a "desk machine", but this is not important.
We also wish to allow the possibility that an engineer or team of engineers may construct a machine which works, but whose manner of operation cannot be satisfactorily described by its constructors because they have applied a method which is largely experimental. Finally, we wish to exclude from the machines men born in the usual manner. It is difficult to frame the definitions so as to satisfy these three conditions. One might for instance insist that the team Page 32 of engineers should be all of one sex, but this would not really be satisfactory, for it is probably possible to rear a complete individual from a single cell of the skin (say) of a man.
He knows them by labels X and Y, and at the end of the game he says either "X is A and Y is B" or "X is B and Y is A''. The interrogator is allowed to put questions to A and B thus: C: Will X please tell me the length of his or her hair? Now suppose X is actually A, then A must answer. It is A's object in the game to try to cause C to make the wrong identification. His answer might therefore be A: My hair is shingled, and the longest strands are about nine inches long. Page 30 In order that tones of voice may not help the interrogator the answers should be written, or better still, typewritten.
Mind design II: philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence by John Haugeland