By William Dwight Billings (auth.), Walter C. Oechel, Terry V. Callaghan, Tagir G. Gilmanov, Jarle I. Holten, Barrie Maxwell, Ulf Molau, Bjartmar Sveinbjörnsson (eds.)
Global warming is probably going to have the best effect at excessive latitudes, making the Arctic a huge area either for detecting international weather switch and for learning its results on terrestrial ecosystems. The chapters during this quantity deal with present and expected affects of worldwide weather switch on Arctic organisms, populations, surroundings constitution and serve as, organic range, and the atmosphere.
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Extra resources for Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems
1. Composite sea-ice extent for winter: minimum is shaded; maximum is shaded and horizontally hatched. From Agnew (1993). 1. Recent Climate Patterns in the Arctic 16 23 : 15 : : 14 13 12 ~ X 10 W Q) 9. Jul-Sept ___ Ice Elctent (Jan·Mar) 8 •• ~. _ 7 .. 2. Time series of end-of-month arctic sea ice extent averaged over 3-month ice seasons: January to March, April to June, July to September, and October to December. From Chapman and Walsh (1993). 1. These are composite maps utilizing data from the period 1953 to 1986.
014):1569915712. F. 1993. Recent changes in the North American Arctic boundary layer in winter. J. Geophys. Res. 98 (No. 05):88518858. , and Cote, P. 1992. Interannual variability of landfast ice thickness in the Canadian High Arctic, 1950-89. Arctic 45:273-284. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 1978. Polar Regions Atlas. Document GC7810040. S. Government Printing Office. 66 pp. E. 1993. Recent variations of sea ice and air temperature in high latitudes. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 74:33-47. L. 1989.
_ . ___ • _______ _ -20~~~~--~~--~--~~--~~--~--~~ __~__~~__~ 10"E 30'1: 50'1: 70'£ 90'1: 110'1: 130'E 150'E 17O'E 170'W 150'W13O'W110'W 90'W 70'W 50'W 30'W 10'W Longitude Figure 1,3. Percentages by which mean arctic sea ice extent changed from 1961-75 to 1976-90, Changes are plotted by 200 longitudinal sector for (upper) winter (December to February) and (lower) summer (June to August). From Chapman and Walsh (1993). 1. Recent Climate Patterns in the Arctic 25 as a function of longitude.
Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems by William Dwight Billings (auth.), Walter C. Oechel, Terry V. Callaghan, Tagir G. Gilmanov, Jarle I. Holten, Barrie Maxwell, Ulf Molau, Bjartmar Sveinbjörnsson (eds.)