Read e-book online Cultural memory and early civilization : writing, PDF

By Jan Assmann

ISBN-10: 0521188024

ISBN-13: 9780521188029

ISBN-10: 0521763819

ISBN-13: 9780521763813

ISBN-10: 1471752062

ISBN-13: 9781471752063

Now to be had to an English-speaking viewers, this booklet provides a groundbreaking theoretical research of reminiscence, identification, and tradition. It investigates how cultures take into account, arguing that human reminiscence exists and is communicated in methods, particularly inter-human interplay and in exterior structures of notation, resembling writing, that could span generations. Dr. Assmann defines theoretical recommendations of cultural reminiscence, differentiating among the long term reminiscence of societies, that may span as much as 3,000 years, and communicative reminiscence, that's usually limited to 80-100 years. He applies this theoretical framework to case reviews of 4 particular cultures, illustrating the functionality contexts and particular achievements, together with the country, foreign legislation, faith, and technology. eventually, his learn demonstrates that reminiscence isn't really easily a way of holding details, yet really a strength which may form cultural id and make allowance cultures to reply creatively to either day-by-day demanding situations and catastrophic adjustments

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35 For Halbwachs, then, history is not memory, because there is no such thing as a universal memory – only a collective, group-specific, fixed-identity memory: “Every collective memory has a group as its carrier which is bound by time and space. The totality of past events can only be brought together in a single tableau on condition that these can be separated from the memory of the groups that have kept their recollections of them, that the bonds with which they were attached to the psychological life of the social milieu where they took 34 35 Halbwachs, On Collective Memory, 75, (see chapt.

See the critical re-edition by G. Namer and M. Jaisson (Paris: Albin Michel, 1997). See Annette Becker’s biography of M. , 413–450. Therefore he also rejects Bergson’s mind/body dualism, see Henri Bergson, Mati`ere et m´emoire (Paris: Alcan, 1896). ”20 This means that a person who has grown up in complete isolation – though Halbwachs never puts the argument in such a direct way – would have no memory, because memory can only be fashioned during the process of socialization. Despite the fact that it is always the individual who “has” memory, it is created collectively.

Halbwachs, On Collective Memory chapt. 4: “The Localization of Memories,” 52–53. 24 Cultural Memory and Early Civilization memory, and so we have an indissoluble merging of idea and image. 27 On the other hand, if an event is to live on in the memory of a group, it must be enriched with the meaningfulness of a significant truth. “As soon as each person and each historical fact has permeated this memory, it is transposed into a teaching, a notion, or a system of ideas” (On Collective Memory, 188).

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Cultural memory and early civilization : writing, remembrance, and political imagination by Jan Assmann

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