By Annie; Oldenziel, Ruth; Zachmann, Karin (editors) Canel
Ladies engineers were within the public limelight for many years, but we have now unusually little traditionally grounded figuring out of the styles of employment and schooling of girls during this box. such a lot stories are both coverage papers or restricted to statistical analyses. furthermore, the scant historic learn to this point to be had emphasizes the person, unmarried and targeted personality of these girls operating in engineering, frequently utilizing anecdotal proof yet ignoring greater matters just like the styles of the labour industry and academic associations. Richly illustrated, Crossing obstacles, construction Bridges bargains solutions to the query why ladies engineers have required detailed allows to go through the male guarded gates of engineering and examines how they've got controlled this. It explores the variations and similarities among girls engineers in 9 international locations from a gender viewpoint. via case experiences the booklet considers the mechanisms of exclusion and inclusion of girls engineers f
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Additional resources for Crossing boundaries, building bridges: comparing the history of women engineers, 1870s-1990s
Finally she had worked as an assistant engineer at the New York Public Service Commission. Most importantly for the requirements for full membership, she had supervised over thirty draftsmen when working at Radley Steel. Blatch, a feminist, divorcee, and single mother whose income depended on her engineering work at the time, challenged the ASCE when more women and sons of lower-class men were trying to enter the field through the new institutions of higher education and when engineering advocates were busy defining the occupation as a profession by excluding more and more groups of practitioners such as draftsmen and surveyors.
Her training followed the course of many sons of other family manufacturing firms, who no longer were expected to master a craft completely but had to have a working knowledge of all the various aspects of the firm. 18 Patrimonial patronage thus encouraged daughters like Kate Gleason to seek formal education with or without completing a degree because it fit into a family business’s strategy. The link between business sense and family interests could make such education and work acceptable. For similar reasons husbands encouraged their wives to seek formal training.
For employees of large corporations without family connections or capital, an engineering job held the promise of promotion, even if this became more a vision than a reality over the course of the twentieth century. Formal and bureaucratic rules made gender discrimination endemic. But they also helped to secure better opportunities for women engineers than the informal rituals of firms, whose shop-floor culture encouraged male patterns of advancement. Only a few women, such as Kate Gleason, could crack the male code of the shop floor by invoking an authority that stemmed from family ownership.
Crossing boundaries, building bridges: comparing the history of women engineers, 1870s-1990s by Annie; Oldenziel, Ruth; Zachmann, Karin (editors) Canel