By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries
The papers during this quantity take care of the problem of the way corpus facts relate to the questions that cognitive linguists have normally investigated with admire to conceptual mappings. The authors during this quantity examine quite a lot of concerns - the coherence and serve as of specific metaphorical types, the interplay of shape and which means, the id of resource domain names of metaphorical expressions, the connection among metaphor and discourse, the priming of metaphors, and the old improvement of metaphors. The reviews care for a number of metaphorical and metonymic resource and objective domain names, together with the resource domain names area, ANIMALS, physique elements, enterprises and struggle, and the objective domain names VERBAL task, financial system, feelings and POLITICS. of their experiences, the authors current quite a few corpus-linguistic tools for the research of conceptual mappings, for instance, corpora annotated for semantic different types, concordances of person source-domain goods and styles, and concordances of target-domain goods. In sum, the papers during this quantity exhibit how quite a lot of corpus-linguistic tools can be utilized to enquire numerous concerns in cognitive linguistics; the combo of corpus tools with a cognitive-linguistic view of metaphor and metonymy yields new solutions to previous questions (and to new questions) concerning the courting among language as a conceptual phenomenon and language as a textual phenomenon.
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Extra info for Corpus-based Approaches to Metaphor And Metonymy (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs, Vol. 171)
The second thing to notice about the conventional expression at sea is the absence of a determiner. At the sea is also found, though rather rarely; but again, with a different meaning. At the sea denotes the situation of people on land beside the sea: it is synonymous with at the seaside. The distinctions discussed in the previous paragraph have nothing to do with metaphor, for metaphor is defined as a resonant semantic relationship between a primary subject and a secondary subject, and there is no resonance between the sea and the people or things that are at the seaside, on the sea.
On the basis of the analysis of a large set of similar examples, Reddy concluded that speakers of English share a dominant metaphorical conceptualization of communication in terms of the transfer of objects, which he labelled ‘the conduit metaphor’. Within this metaphor, Reddy argued, language ‘functions like a conduit, transferring thoughts bodily from one person to another’ (Reddy 1979: 170). Speakers and writers ‘insert thoughts or feelings in the words’; words containing the thoughts and feelings are transferred to the addressee(s); and finally listeners or readers ‘extract the thoughts and feelings again from the words’ (Reddy 1979: 170).
Examples 11 and 12 show that both verbs also have conventional metaphorical senses whereby the performance of speech acts and the production of texts/utterances are constructed in terms of the transfer of physical objects from one person (the speaker) to others (the addressees). g. g. g. g. g. g. 3 3. As these examples show, the metaphorical expressions relating to transfer tend to be light-verb constructions involving conventional metaphorical uses of verbs that are delexicalised to varying degrees.
Corpus-based Approaches to Metaphor And Metonymy (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs, Vol. 171) by Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries