By Hans Liljenström
It was once now not in the past while the awareness used to be now not thought of an issue for technology. despite the fact that, this has now replaced and the matter of recognition is taken into account the best problem to technology. within the final decade, quite a few books and articles were released within the box, yet only a few have excited about the how cognizance evolves and develops, and what characterizes the transitions among diversified awake states, in animals and people. This publication addresses those questions. well known researchers from diversified fields of technology (including neurobiology, evolutionary biology, ethology, cognitive technology, computational neuroscience and philosophy) give a contribution with their effects and theories during this ebook, making it a distinct selection of the cutting-edge of this younger box of realization experiences. - First publication at the subject- specialize in assorted degrees of cognizance, together with: Evolutionary, developmental, and useful- hugely interdisciplinary
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Extra info for Consciousness Transitions: Phylogenetic, Ontogenetic and Physiological Aspects
Mushroom bodies The Drosophila melanogaster nervous system can be systematically manipulated throughout its life by various genetic tools, which facilitates our ability to investigate 34 Bruno van Swinderen the mechanisms supporting the phenomena displayed by the animal in behavioural assays (Waddell and Quinn, 2001). For instance, mutations affecting a variety of signalling, structural and transcription genes modulate learning behaviour (Dubnau, 2003). Although attention-like mechanisms would appear to be a pre-requisite for learning, these genetic resources have rarely been examined in discrimination paradigms (instead of association).
Two distinct objects can also be tagged by making one rotate faster around the fly than the other (shown by the longer curved arrow). 20–30 Hz brain activity can then be mapped and contrasted (double arrow) according to the period of either object. D: Frequency tag. g. 12 versus15 Hz) as they rotate around the fly. Salience of either object will modulate the amplitude of either frequency recorded in the fly’s brain (Bruno van Swinderen, unpublished data). 37 38 Bruno van Swinderen tials bring to mind gamma (30–80 Hz) activity in the human EEG, which is also transient and modulated by salience (Zeman, 2001) as well as neural correlates of attention in the primate visual cortex (Treue, 2001).
Int J Neural Syst 2:1-15. Liljenström H (1997) Cognition and the efficiency of neural processes. In: P Århem, H Liljenström, U Svedin (Eds) Matter Matters? On the Material Basis of the Cognitive Activity of Mind. Berlin: Springer. Liljenström H, Hasselmo M (1995) Cholinergic modulation of cortical oscillatory dynamics. J Neurophysiol 74:288–297. Liljenström H, Wu X (1995) Noise-enhanced performance in a cortical associative memory model. Int J Neural Syst 6:19–29. Lindahl BIB, Århem P (1994) Mind as a force field: Comment on a new hypothesis.
Consciousness Transitions: Phylogenetic, Ontogenetic and Physiological Aspects by Hans Liljenström