By Barrie Houlihan, Mick Green
There's a paucity of educational paintings within the zone of elite recreation improvement regardless of there being plentiful facts that reaching foreign carrying luck is of accelerating value to the general public (exemplified via constant media curiosity in elite luck or the inability of it) and to governments in such a lot constructed international locations who've, nearly with out exception, elevated the extent of public investment for elite squad improvement usually to the detriment of different activities coverage ambitions comparable to expanding basic degrees of participation.Comparative Elite activity improvement: structures, constructions and public coverage makes a speciality of the id and improvement of elite wearing expertise specifically in Olympic activities. Written through a workforce of foreign individuals it applies a reflective and analytical process, and either informs, and is proficient by means of, demonstrated our bodies of conception in coverage research. Uniquely, it adopts a comparative process of coverage competitors, best 'sports powers' and coverage innovators, which supplies wide and thorough analytical assurance. * A revealing and designated comparative learn of coverage opponents, major 'sports powers' and coverage innovators - together with China, Japan, Singapore, Germany, France, Poland, Norway, New Zealand and the USA* Edited by means of good confirmed specialists within the box and contributed to by way of an international crew of leading edge researchers* specializes in the hot-topic of making a choice on and constructing elite carrying expertise specifically in Olympic activities
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Additional resources for Comparative Elite Sport Development: systems, structures and public policy
Coaches and athletes were sent to the countryside and factories to do physical labour (Rong, 1984, pp. 262–263). For example, 47 provincial football teams were disbanded, and 1,124 football players and 115 coaches had to find jobs in factories and shops (Guan, 1996, p. 194). Most national teams disbanded except those for table-tennis, gymnastics and athletics. Outstanding athletes were criticised as promising sons and daughters of the bourgeois, and their coaches were criticised, and even beaten up.
195). At the international level, China renewed its seat on the Asian Olympic Sports Committee in November 1973 and sent a delegation with 269 athletes to attend the 7th Asian Games in 1974 in Iran (Bai and Gu, 1990, pp. 2–3). From 1971 to 1976 China attended 54 international competitions (People’s Sports Press, 1983). China also hosted the Asian and African Table-Tennis Invitational Tournament in 1971, the Asian Table-Tennis Championships in 1972, the Asian, African and Latin American Table-Tennis Invitational Tournament in 1973, the Beijing International Swimming and Diving Invitational Tournament in 1975, the Beijing International Women’s Basketball Invitational Tournament and the Shanghai International TableTennis Invitational Tournament in 1976 (Cao, 1991, p.
This system channelled all resources for sport in the country into elite sport and effectively produced hundreds of thousands of young elite athletes in a short time in pursuit of ideological superiority and national status. Its main characteristics are centralised management and administration and guaranteed financial and human resources from the whole country to ensure maximum support (Hao, 2004). The origin and development of the Chinese elite sport system The establishment of China’s elite sport system began in the 1950s, developed in the 1960s and 1970s and matured with its own character in the 1980s.
Comparative Elite Sport Development: systems, structures and public policy by Barrie Houlihan, Mick Green