Yusef Waghid's Community and Democracy in South Africa: Liberal Versus PDF

By Yusef Waghid

ISBN-10: 0820468673

ISBN-13: 9780820468679

ISBN-10: 1423759109

ISBN-13: 9781423759102

ISBN-10: 3039101943

ISBN-13: 9783039101948

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Read Online or Download Community and Democracy in South Africa: Liberal Versus Communitarian Perspectives (Europaische Hochschulschriften. Reihe XX, Philosophie, Bd. 666.) PDF

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Extra resources for Community and Democracy in South Africa: Liberal Versus Communitarian Perspectives (Europaische Hochschulschriften. Reihe XX, Philosophie, Bd. 666.)

Example text

The subjects of his theory of justice are “persons” and “men”: Men are to decide in advance how they are to regulate their claims against one another and what is to be the foundation charter of their society. Just as each person must decide by rational reflection what constitutes his good, that is, the system of ends which it is rational for him to pursue, so a group of persons must decide once and for all what is to count among them as just and unjust. The choice which rational men would make in this hypothetical situation of equal liberty, assuming for the present that this choice problem has a solution, determines the principles of justice (Rawls, 1971: 57–58).

On the one 52 hand, each member of such a community enjoys equality of status despite occupying and unequal standing. For instance, an engineer is equal to a garbage collector in terms of being persons, although one is regarded as more capable than the other at solving engineering problems. On the other hand, members of a community deliberate collectively about their aims and purposes in a self-determining way. Walzer (1983), a champion of “communitarianism of the left”, posits that equal membership of a political community is the precondition for practices of distributive justice citizens of such a community might engage in.

Usually, classical liberalism involves abstract individualism and skepticism about the good life. Abstract individualism depicts individuals as “given” with interests, wants, purposes and needs, that is, “given” independently of a social context, while society and the sate are pictured as sets of actual or possible arrangements which respond more or less adequately to individuals’ requirements (Lukes, 1973: 73). As I shall show, neither of the above mentioned assumptions about liberalism dominates the theories of Mill and Rawls – two prominent liberals.

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Community and Democracy in South Africa: Liberal Versus Communitarian Perspectives (Europaische Hochschulschriften. Reihe XX, Philosophie, Bd. 666.) by Yusef Waghid


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