By Charles E. Weaver (Eds.)
This ebook presents a complete and demanding precis of clay mineral literature that pertains to geology and geologic procedures, making it helpful either as a reference booklet for geologists and as a textual content for the specialist.
The publication encompasses the entire scope of clay-shale geology. An introductory bankruptcy presents simple history terminology and class. this can be by way of a comparatively lengthy bankruptcy at the constitution and composition of some of the clay minerals. bankruptcy three offers an creation to soil formation, chemical weathering, microbial alteration and the pedogenic formation of clay minerals. Chapters four and five hide the continental and marine shipping, and deposition of clays. either mechanisms and examples are offered, starting from biodepositional to the nepheloid layer. bankruptcy 6 stories facts at the low to extreme temperature formation of clay minerals from marine volcanics, and the expansion of authigenic clays in shallow marine, brackish, and evaporite environments. bankruptcy 7, Diagenesis Metamorphism, covers either burial diagenesis and the procedures happening in the course of the conversion of shale to clay. bankruptcy eight discusses the formation of authigenic-diagenetic formation of clays in sandstones. bankruptcy nine describes the temperal distribution of clay minerals in North and South the US, Europe, Africa and the Atlantic Ocean. The clay suites are concerning components reminiscent of continental go with the flow, tectonics, weather and atmosphere. the ultimate short bankruptcy covers compaction, lithification and a few common good points of shales.
The publication is liberally sprinkled with x-ray styles, chemical analyses, and SEM and TEM photos, as well as thousands of examples.
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Additional info for Clays, Muds, and Shales
Imogolite Imogolite is a tubular paracrystalline material that is commonly associated with allophane (Fig. 2-6). It has a long-range order that allows the formation of tubes a micrometer long with an external diameter of about 20 A. Imogolite consists of a 26 Allophone I Fig. 2-7. X-ray diffraction patters of allophane and imogolite. From Wada. 1977. Reprinted by permission of Soil Sci. Soc. Amer.. Inc. single gibbsite sheet curved in the form of a tube, with orthosilicate groups attached to the inside of the tube, each group replacing three OH groups around an empty octahedral site.
2-6). It has a long-range order that allows the formation of tubes a micrometer long with an external diameter of about 20 A. Imogolite consists of a 26 Allophone I Fig. 2-7. X-ray diffraction patters of allophane and imogolite. From Wada. 1977. Reprinted by permission of Soil Sci. Soc. Amer.. Inc. single gibbsite sheet curved in the form of a tube, with orthosilicate groups attached to the inside of the tube, each group replacing three OH groups around an empty octahedral site. , 1970; Wada, 1981).
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 64 1Mor 1Md I M oi 1Md mxill IM 5 IM small IM Weaver: Precambrian shale bed in Belt limestone. Glacier National Park. G. Oslund. Srodon and Eberl. 1984: Hydrothermal, Kauhe. Japan. Mankin and Dodd. 1963: Silurian, Blaylock shale. Beavers Bend. A. Schleicher. Gaudette. 1965: Laminated pockets in Silurian dolomite. Marblehead, Wisconsin: Analyst J. Witters. , 1986: Silurian bentonites, Welsh Borderlands. Weaver, 1953: Weathered feldspar in Ordovician graywacke. State College.
Clays, Muds, and Shales by Charles E. Weaver (Eds.)