By Irving E. Sigel (auth.), Irving E. Sigel, Luis M. Laosa (eds.)
In a prior quantity, households as studying Environments for kids, we awarded a chain of chapters that handled study courses at the function of households as studying environments for kids. these reviews have been in keeping with empirical info and sought solutions to simple examine questions, without specific quandary for the appliance of the implications to functional difficulties. quite, their objective used to be to give a contribution essentially to conceptualization, study technique, and mental thought. Now, during this quantity, we flip our realization to intervention-efforts to change the way in which a relatives develops. As in our past convention, the contributors of the operating convention on which the current quantity is predicated are examine scientists and students drawn to software. This workforce is detailed from practitioners, notwithstanding, whose basic concentration is provider; contributors during this convention have as their fundamental curiosity examine into the issues of tactics of program. utilized specialist concerns about the lives of households come from many diversified resources, from a few which are far-off and impersonal (e. g. , the legislations) to direct face-to-face efforts (educators, therapists). the diversity of assets and kinds of purposes are eloquent testimony to the measure to which households are topic to a bunch of societal forces whose implicit or particular objective is to switch relatives functioning. for instance, a few educators might need to change kin child-rearing styles to reinforce baby improvement; the clinician seeks to assist households come to phrases and to deal with a schizophrenic baby. The checklist may be extended.
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Ethical Considerations in the Use of Research Findings: Messick's Ethics of Assessment Model Transition Use of Data In a recent paper, Messick (1980) raises some serious questions regarding test validity and the ethics of assessment. The core issue he addresses is construct validity in psychological test usage. His model is appropriate for an examination. of the relationship between research and practice (intervention). The analogy I wish to construct is this: construct validity is to test construction as research results are to application to so-called real life social contexts.
Dokecki 26 Table 1. A Framework for Conceptualizing Parent Education Intervention variables Broad societal context Goals 1600-1800 1800-1850 a 1850-1880 Socialize To instill moral values Crime and corruption Socialize Acculturation (mainstreaming) Immorality and corruption Values Moral (religious) citizenry Intervention areal strategy Child rearing/ parent education Morally responsible citizens Child rearing/child centers for lower class Parent education for middle class Waves of rapidly growing cities produce disorder and an underclass not socialized in dominant values Stable society Societal problems Intervention components Knowledge base Program goals Two emergent philosophies: Calvinistic doctrine of infant depravity Comeniusem phasis on first six years of life.
For example, a change in a societal value can lead to different intervention approaches and generate a new knowledge base. Conversely, the knowledge base developed from existing interventions can lead to switches in program focus and goals, which can alter values. As we chart the history and recent developments associated with child-rearing interventions, some of the complex relations possible among elements of the framework should become apparent. Early Periods of Parent and Child-Rearing Interventions We have leaned heavily on a recent paper by Greta Fein (1980) to specify the elements of our framework and present a historical overview of parent and child-rearing interventions in the United States.
Changing Families by Irving E. Sigel (auth.), Irving E. Sigel, Luis M. Laosa (eds.)