New PDF release: Causing Actions

By Paul M. Pietroski

ISBN-10: 0191520233

ISBN-13: 9780191520235

ISBN-10: 0198250428

ISBN-13: 9780198250425

ISBN-10: 0199252769

ISBN-13: 9780199252763

Paul Pietroski offers an unique philosophical conception of activities and their psychological explanations. we frequently act for purposes, contemplating and selecting between recommendations, according to our ideals and needs. yet simply because physically motions regularly have biochemical reasons, it could actually look that pondering and appearing are biochemical approaches. Pietroski argues that suggestions and deeds are in truth distinctive from, although depending on, underlying biochemical methods inside folks.

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Example text

Given (25b), (26a) follows trivially; this explains why (26) follows from (25). If (25b) is true, Nora is the Agent of the ‘e-position’ event—the movingT, not the movingI. So given (25) and the proposed gloss of ‘Agent(e, Nora)’: ∃e{∃a[grounds(a,e) & action(a, Nora)] & ∃f[Terminatesin(e, f) & MovingI(f) & Patient(f, her finger)]}; an action of Nora's grounds an event that terminates in a movingI of her finger. This strongly suggests that if Nora movedT her finger, then Nora's action caused the movingI of her finger.

So identificationist and anti-identificationist intuitions are not in tension. They come as a package. 3. Moving Bodies Distinguishing complex events from their grounders preserves identificationist intuitions about actions, in the face of anti-identificationist considerations. But what sort of event is an action? Again, on my view, Booth's action of shooting Lincoln does not satisfy the event sortal ‘shooting’. Yet if Booth's action was not aE shooting (or aE pulling), what was it? 1, in which squares represent parts of the overlapping complex events, may render the question vivid (cf.

This does not yet explain why (24) follows from (23). So let us say that F terminates E—or that E terminates in F—if events F and E occur; F is a (perhaps improper) part of E; and F is an effect of every proper part of E that is not a part of F. And suppose that a meltingT of y terminates in a meltingI of y: MeltingT(e) & Patient(e, y) iff ∃f[Terminates-in(e, f) & MeltingI(f) & Patient(f, y)]. A consequence of this thesis, to which I return, is that every meltingI of y is also a meltingT of y. Or in the formal mode, every meltingI satisfies the metalanguage term ‘MeltingT’, since every event terminates itself.

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Causing Actions by Paul M. Pietroski


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