By Lower S. K.
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Extra resources for Carbonate equilibria in natural waters(en)(26s)
The motivation for research was the following. First, the experimental setup accuracy was signiﬁcantly higher than that in . Second, as for the negative result obtained for 4 He, then it, a quantum liquid, could, in principle, have a special behavior. What is more, if success is achieved, then in the same experiment the full set of critical indices (α, β, γ, and δ), which are needed to describe static critical phenomena, could be simultaneously obtained. In the course of this experiment , within a fairly narrow temperature interval near the critical point (−7 × 10−4 ≤ τ ≤ 3 × 10−3 ) ∼ 220 experimental points were found (Fig.
The measurements were carried out at increasing (•) and decreasing (◦) volume . The absence of hysteresis shows that experimental data are obtained for equilibrium. 12 The horizontal part of the critical isotherm around the critical point: new analysis  of experimental data given in . close to the critical point. Here, apart from the horizontal part, both the precision of the pressure measurement and thermostatting stability are clearly seen. The presence of a horizontal part of the isotherm and the ﬂattening of the upper part of the coexistence curve are consequences of the gravitational effect [32, 115].
Further we shall discuss all of these questions and, despite the abundance of works on this problem, the number of research papers which satisfy all the above criteria are not that great. Therefore, we have to use our own experiments carried out on pure SF6 [87–92] and use other authors’ papers when possible. As some additional justiﬁcation of this approach we can say that these researches, 12) It should be noted that when investigating critical phenomena where all these values are referred to the critical point, this condition plays no role.
Carbonate equilibria in natural waters(en)(26s) by Lower S. K.