By Angus Konstam
The assumption of a heavy cruiser emerged within the aftermath of the 1st international conflict, and used to be heavily associated with the bounds set by way of the inter-war Washington Treaty on naval armament. The pre-Great conflict inspiration of armoured cruisers were deserted, yet of their stead the Admiralty observed a spot for strong cruisers, capable of patrol the ocean lanes of the British Empire, and that have been well-enough armed that they can ruin enemy trade cruisers of the sort utilized by the Germans within the final war.
The end result was once a bunch of British warships which have been jointly often called the "Washington Treaty Cruisers", which did every thing the Admiralty sought after, yet which outfitted in the limits imposed by means of the Washington Treaty - an armament of 8-inch weapons, and a displacement of under 10,000 lots. those awesome cruisers have been high-sided, spacious and stately - excellent peacetime ambassadors for British power.
In battle additionally they packed a substantial punch. whereas all of them carried strong 8-inch weapons, they have been additionally given a good armoured belt, making them immune to any overseas cruisers then in carrier. in the course of the moment international struggle the Royal Navy's 13 heavy cruisers observed carrier in each theatre of warfare, even if playing significant sea battles within the Mediterranean, offering the coup de grace to the Bismarck within the North Atlantic, or enduring the undesirable cognizance of kamikaze pilots within the Pacific.
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Additional info for British Heavy Cruisers 1939-45 (New Vanguard, Volume 190)
That allowed them to engage aircraft flying at 31,000 feet, and gave them a maximum surface range of 16,430 yards (just over 8 nautical miles). These weapons were first introduced in 1914 and, while still used in heavy AA batteries sited around London, they were considered obsolete by 1939. They were gradually replaced by the 4-inch QF Mark XVI, mounted in The crew of a quadruple 2-pdr pom-pom QF Mark VII at the alert on board a British heavy cruiser operating in home waters during 1940. These multi-barrelled weapons threw up a curtain of fire to deter lowflying attacking aircraft.
In the Kent class, but the long drop from the upper deck led to them breaking up on impact with the water. A new version was produced with a strengthened tail and the problem went away. The 21-inch Mark VIII torpedo replaced this earlier model on some London and Norfolk class cruisers during the war, which lacked the long range of its predecessor (its maximum range was 7,000 yards), but it had a speed of up to 45 knots and was significantly more reliable. Torpedoes were carried in quadruple mounts in County class vessels, and triple mounts in Type B cruisers.
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British Heavy Cruisers 1939-45 (New Vanguard, Volume 190) by Angus Konstam