By Marinella Farré, Sara Rodriguez-Mozaz (auth.), Damià Barceló, Peter-Diedrich Hansen (eds.)
There is an expanding desire for powerful equipment of estimating the dangers brought on by the massive variety of pollution published into the surroundings via human actions. This quantity offers an summary of biosensors as a key software for the environmental tracking of aquatic platforms. Biosensor know-how is predicated on a selected organic popularity point together with a transducer for sign processing. specifically, the detection and id of endocrine-disrupting compounds and different pollutants in wastewater are taken care of intimately. Biosensors are provided as a realistic replacement or complement to conventional chromatographic thoughts. Emphasis is additionally put on the validation of the utilized know-how and its software to real-world environmental samples.
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Additional info for Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring of Aquatic Systems: Bioanalytical and Chemical Methods for Endocrine Disruptors
Sens Actuators B Chem 77:614–619 131. Wu S, Gao X, Cai Q, and Grimes CA (2007) A wireless magnetoelastic biosensor for convenient and sensitive detection of acid phosphatase. Sens Actuators B Chem 123:856–859 132. Persaud KC, Pisanelli AM, Szyszko S, Reichl M, Horner G, Rakow W, Keding HJ, Wessels H (1999) Smart gas sensor for monitoring environmental changes in closed systems: results from the MIR space station. Sens Actuators B Chem 55:118–126 133. Carotta MC, Martinelli G, Crema L, Gallana M, Merli M, Ghiotti G, Traversa E (2000) Array of thick film sensors for atmospheric pollutant monitoring.
However, in order to obtain improved and more reliable devices, future trends in biosensor research activities will be focused on the achievement of continuous monitoring, multi-analyte determinations, using robust transduction elements, and miniaturized devices. Some systems have been developed for continuous monitoring and can provide easy, rapid and on-site measurements [137, 138]. They may also be useful for mapping of contamination when it is important to obtain rapid results in the field, such as after accidental spills or pollution events .
3 Wireless sensors network diagram Considerable advances have been made in recent years in hardware and software for building wireless biosensor networks. However, to ensure effective data gathering by biosensor networks for monitoring remote outdoor environments, the following problems remain: • Reactivity: the ability of the network to react to its environment and provide only relevant data to users; • Robustness: the ability of network nodes to function correctly in harsh outdoor environments; • Network lifetime: maximizing the length of time the network is able to deliver data before nodes’ batteries are exhausted.
Biosensors for Environmental Monitoring of Aquatic Systems: Bioanalytical and Chemical Methods for Endocrine Disruptors by Marinella Farré, Sara Rodriguez-Mozaz (auth.), Damià Barceló, Peter-Diedrich Hansen (eds.)