By Mary Kay Carson
NSTA-CBC extraordinary technological know-how exchange Books for college students K-12 for 2014 list
Humans have gazed into the evening sky for hundreds of thousands of years and questioned, What are these twinkling lighting fixtures? even though the sunlight, moon, and planets moved around the history of stars, the celebs themselves seemed immovable, eternally fastened in constellations. simply whilst astronomers begun taking a more in-depth glance did someone notice what a desirable, ever-changing universe lies past our sunlight system—red monstrous and white dwarf stars, spiral galaxies, wispy nebulae, black holes, and lots more and plenty more.
In Beyond the sunlight System, writer Mary Kay Carson lines the evolution of humankind’s astronomical wisdom, from the conclusion that we aren't on the middle of the universe to contemporary telescopic facts of planets orbiting stars outdoors our sun approach. as well as its enticing historical past, this ebook includes 21 hands-on initiatives to extra discover the themes mentioned. Readers will construct a 3-dimensional illustration of the constellation Orion, version the warping of space-time attributable to a black gap, see how the universe expands utilizing an inflating balloon, and build a reflecting telescope out of a make-up replicate and a magnifying glass. Beyond the sunlight System additionally comprises minibiographies of well-known astronomers, a time line of significant clinical discoveries, a instructed studying record, a thesaurus of technical phrases, and a listing of web sites for extra exploration.
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Extra resources for Beyond the Solar System: Exploring Galaxies, Black Holes, Alien Planets, and More; A History with 21 Activities
This is Einstein’s theory of relativity. Time is not absolute; it is relative. Both you and the passengers have your own different measure of time. “The distinction between the past, present, and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion,” said Einstein. Maybe, but the fact that time isn’t the same for everyone everywhere is hard to grasp. It’s not something you notice in the ordinary world. It’s often counterintuitive, too, going against common sense. But people during Copernicus’s day said the same thing about a spinning Earth moving around the Sun.
Diagrams are helpful tools. Sometimes looking at information on a graph or chart makes finding patterns easier. What’s most important often pops out. This is what happened with the H-R diagram. Looking at it made astronomers wonder whether the different colors and temperatures of stars were The HertzsprungRussell Diagram plots luminosity (brightness) against spectral class (temperature). ESO different stages of the same process. Did stars burn brightly as blue stars, then grow fainter with time, becoming dim, red stars?
Give yourself a different view of a famous constellation in this activity. You’ll Need ➼ Enlarged copy of Orion pattern ➼ Styrofoam produce tray or piece of corrugated cardboard ➼ Glue ➼ Sheet of black paper ➼ Pushpin ➼ 7 pieces of fishing line or heavy thread, 18 inches (46 cm) long ➼ Tape ➼ Beads, washers, or hex nuts ➼ Ruler or tape measure ➼ Pen ➼ Scissors 1. Create a larger version of the seven-star pattern of Orion. You can enlarge the image with a photocopier, or simply trace and then redraw the simple seven-star pattern.
Beyond the Solar System: Exploring Galaxies, Black Holes, Alien Planets, and More; A History with 21 Activities by Mary Kay Carson