Download e-book for kindle: Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy of Language by Robert J. Clack (auth.)

By Robert J. Clack (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9401182124

ISBN-13: 9789401182126

ISBN-10: 9401188742

ISBN-13: 9789401188746

RUSSELL AND THE LINGUISTIC PHILOSOPHY I t is mostly stated that Bertrand Russell performed an important position within the so-called "revolution" that has taken position in 20th century Anglo-American philosophy, the revolution that has led many philo­ sophers nearly to equate philosophy with a few type - or types - of linguistic research. His contributions to this revolution have been ­ fold: (I) including G. E. Moore he led the profitable rebel opposed to the neo-Hegelianism of Idealists comparable to Bradley and McTaggert; (2) back with Moore he supplied a lot of the impetus for a a little innovative method of doing philosophy. (I) and (2) are, after all, shut­ ly similar, because the new means of philosophizing might be acknowledged to consti­ tute, largely, the insurrection opposed to Idealism. Be this because it might, how­ ever, the real truth for current attention is that Russell was once an important impression in turning Anglo-American philosophy within the course it has consequently taken - towards what should be termed, relatively common­ ly, the "linguistic philosophy. " regrettably, notwithstanding his value as a precursor of the linguistic philosophy is recognized, the best feel during which Russell himself might be thought of a "philosopher of language" has no longer, to the current time, been sufficiently clarified. invaluable beginnings were made towards an research of this question, yet they've been, withal, purely commence­ nings, and not anything like an sufficient photo of Russell's total philoso­ phy of language is almost immediately available.

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Essential for such clarification is the elimination of incomplete symbols and the exhibition of the true constituents of the propositions. These constituents - those remaining in a properly reconstructed proposition - denote ontologically basic entities and are all names of objects known by acquaintance. Thus far I have attempted to present a rather synoptic picture of Russell's philosophy of language and the assumptions on which it rests, based, for the most part, on his own statements. I have tried to show that, fundamentally, this method aims at the reconstruction of propositions of ordinary language which, due to the presence of "incomplete symbols," misrepresent the logical forms of the facts they assert.

What we know is this string of experiences that makes up a person, and that is put together by means of certain empirically given relations .... " 1 This conclusion represents a clear and significant triumph, in Russell's thought, for the theory of acquaintance; for it shows him willing to reconstruct a basic ontological category of ordinary language in order to satisfy the requirement that the fundamental entities in our ontology be knowable in the only way this theory deems authentic. " 2 What is required, we have noted, is some word or words which directly refer to objects without describing them in any way.

Such was not the case. Rather, each analysis was provided as the problem which it was designed to meet waxed importunate and demanded resolution. " Adherence to this principle, which he frequently refers to as his version of Occam's Razor,l seems to have provided the motivation for undertaking a particular analysis once the occasion for it arose; but it did not issue in a systematic attempt to reconstruct language. Although his analysis of "number" as "a class of similar classes" in P. 2 may be regarded as the first instance of his use of reconstructionism, it was the theory of descriptions that suggested to Russell the value reconstructionism might have as a general analytic method.

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Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy of Language by Robert J. Clack (auth.)

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