By Chih-yu Shih (auth.)
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Extra resources for Autonomy, Ethnicity, and Poverty in Southwestern China: The State Turned Upside Down
This process might lead to the revision of the worldview held by the state. The street level workers who are between the state and the low-income level might encounter embarrassing situations where the theoretical standards that evaluate their performance and the expectation of their clients are not reconciled. Liberalism is among the most popular theories that attempt to define poverty. From the classic liberal perspective, low income is a result of low market value. This refers to the low ability to purchase as well as to earn in the market.
However, since growth is intrinsic to modernization, the state is responsible for lifting the constraint on growth. This is why the Chinese government’s poverty policy has picked up momentum since it was decided upon in the late 1970s that modernization must be given priority attention. The theory that Chinese authorities have applied to the understanding of the Chinese state apparently affects how it conceptualizes and treats poverty. In fact, the rhetoric of “what is poverty” and “what causes poverty” is often indistinguishable—causes are confused with definition in both theory and practice.
The government is used to employing a definitive level of income to define poverty. However, in Western Hunan, the Helping-the-Poor teams concentrate on basic needs, rather than on profit-making projects. The first priority is to improve living conditions. Economically related work includes setting up infrastructure. In most cases, it means paving village roads and reducing administrative fees. Western Hunan stresses the importance of infrastructure in resolving the problems related to water and electricity supply, roads, and telephone and radio facilities.
Autonomy, Ethnicity, and Poverty in Southwestern China: The State Turned Upside Down by Chih-yu Shih (auth.)