By Philip Dray
You can still slash from our country's brutal heritage of lynching. Lynching is termed the final nice skeleton in our nation's closet: It terrorized all of black the United States, claimed millions upon millions of sufferers within the a long time among the Eighteen Eighties and the second one global conflict, and leaves invisible yet deep scars to at the present time. the price of pushing lynching into the shadows, however--misremembering it as remoted acts perpetrated by way of bigots on society's fringes--is insupportably excessive: till we know the way pervasive and socially authorized the perform was--and, extra very important, why this was once so--it will hang-out all efforts at racial reconciliation.
"I couldn't suppress the thought," James Baldwin as soon as recalled of seeing the crimson clay hills of Georgia on his first journey to the South, "that this earth had bought its colour from the blood that had dripped down from those trees." all through the US, not only within the South, blacks accused of a crime--or in basic terms of violating social or racial customs--were hunted via mobs, kidnapped from jails, and given precis "justice" in blatant defiance of all promises of due procedure less than legislation. women and men have been shot, hanged, tortured, and burned, frequently in sadistic, picnic-like "spectacle lynchings" related to millions of witnesses. "At the palms of individuals unknown" used to be the legit verdict rendered on each one of these atrocities.
The celebrated historian Philip Dray shines a transparent, vibrant gentle in this darkish history--its motives, perpetrators, apologists, and sufferers. He additionally tells the tale of the boys and girls who led the lengthy and hard struggle to show and eliminate lynching, together with Ida B. Wells, James Weldon Johnson, Walter White, and W.E.B. Du Bois. If lynching is emblematic of what's worst approximately the USA, their struggle could stand for what's top: the affection of justice and equity and the conviction that one individual's experience of correct can suffice to defy the gravest of wrongs. This landmark booklet follows the trajectory of either forces over American history--and makes the historical past of lynching belong to us all.
From the Hardcover edition.
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Extra info for At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America
1985. Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire. New York: Columbia University Press. Sommers, Christina Hoff. 2001. The War against Boys: How Misguided Feminism Is Harming Our Young Men. New York: Simon & Schuster. Valdes, Francisco. 1998. Beyond Sexual Orientation in Queer Legal Theory: Majoritarianism, Multidimensionality, and Responsibility in Social Justice Scholarship or Legal Scholars as Cultural Warriors. Denver University Law Review 75:1409–64. Vicente, Esther 1997. Feminist Legal Theories: My Own View from a Window in the Caribbean.
To describe the project, Mutua explicates multidimensionality theory. Multidimensionality has its roots in the related concepts of antiessentialism—the idea that there is no lowest common denominator experience of any identity group—and intersectionality theory, which analyzes the effects of the abovenoted fact that every individual is the product of intersecting identities. Together, antiessentialism and intersectionality generate five tenets of multidimensionality. First, individuals have many dimensions of identity, ranging from gender to pet ownership.
Multidimensionality has its roots in the related concepts of antiessentialism—the idea that there is no lowest common denominator experience of any identity group—and intersectionality theory, which analyzes the effects of the abovenoted fact that every individual is the product of intersecting identities. Together, antiessentialism and intersectionality generate five tenets of multidimensionality. First, individuals have many dimensions of identity, ranging from gender to pet ownership. Second, groups are multidimensional, including male and female individuals, gay and straight individuals, and myriad other variations of the shared quality of, say, being black.
At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America by Philip Dray