By Christelle Fischer-Bovet
This can be the single colossal and up to date reference paintings at the Ptolemaic military. utilizing Greek and Egyptian papyri and inscriptions, and construction on techniques built in state-formation conception, it deals a coherent account of ways the altering buildings of the military in Egypt after Alexander's conquest ended in the advance of an ethnically extra built-in society. a brand new tripartite department of Ptolemaic heritage demanding situations the belief of slow decline, and emphasizes the reshaping of army constructions that happened among c.220 and c.160 BC in line with alterations within the nature of war, mobilization and demobilization, and fiscal constraints. An research of the socio-economic position performed by way of infantrymen allows a reassessment of the cleruchic procedure and exhibits how squaddies' institutions generated interethnic workforce unity. by means of integrating Egyptian facts, Christelle Fischer-Bovet additionally demonstrates that the relationship among the military and native temples provided new methods for Greeks and Egyptians to engage.
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Additional info for Army and Society in Ptolemaic Egypt
For the concept “praetorianism” used in my framework, see Andreski (1968). 3 4 Introduction mere tool of colonial domination and to refine the concepts of Hellenization and Egyptianization that emerge from study of it. 2 Previous views of Ptolemaic Egypt and the army For many years the tendency among ancient historians was to look at Ptolemaic Egypt from an Hellenocentric point of view using categories inspired by the modern colonial experience: Greek rulers created a new, rational and efficient system to exploit their dominion – the royal economy – and generally favored Greeks, notably the Greek soldiers who were settled on private plots of land and are usually called cleruchs.
45 But Egyptians also cooperated with the enemy, although only after their king was defeated: Udjahorresnet, the Egyptian admiral of Amasis and Psamtek III – or whatever his real and in 43 44 45 Agut-Labord`ere (2011), esp. 632–6; Matthey (2012) 77–80. On Chabrias, see Bianco (2000). 40–8. On the coup of Nectanebo II, see Matthey (2012) 86–9. 11. 46 As a rule, the elite accepted foreign rulers in order to maintain its privileged position. In the final period of Egyptian independence (404–343 BC), when a high commander decided to join another employer, in general the very enemy he was fighting, his troops often followed him.
36 Controlling troops at the southern border was an issue, regardless of their ethnicity. Herodotus may not have known about this second revolt because it was a minor event, but its absence from his account reinforces the generally favorable tone of his treatment of Greek troops. 2 Mercenary service from Cambyses to the second Persian occupation During the Persian occupation and the six decades of independence the nature of Greek mercenary service, the mercenaries’ loyalty to their employers and the extent to which they played – or did not play – a fundamental role in the history of Egypt were noticeably different.
Army and Society in Ptolemaic Egypt by Christelle Fischer-Bovet