By Daniel H. Shain
Annelids supply a variety of experimentally available gains making them a rich experimental subject across the organic sciences, including evolutionary improvement, neurosciences and stem telephone research.
This quantity introduces the Annelids and their software in evolutionary developmental biology, neurobiology, and environmental/ecological reports, together with severe environments. The booklet demonstrates the range of fields during which Annelids are already proving to be an invaluable experimental system. Describing the software of Annelids as a examine version, this book is a useful source for all researchers within the field.Content:
Chapter 1 constructing versions for Lophotrochozoan and Annelid Biology (pages 1–12): Kenneth M. Halanych and Elizabeth Borda
Chapter 2 Annelid Phylogeny—Molecular research with an Emphasis on version Annelids (pages 13–30): Christoph Bleidorn
Chapter three Cryptic Speciation in Clitellate version Organisms (pages 31–46): Christer Erseus and Daniel Gustafsson
Chapter four Annelid existence Cycle Cultures (pages 47–62): Donald J. Reish and Bruno Pernet
Chapter five Annelids in Evolutionary Developmental Biology (pages 63–87): Dian?Han Kuo
Chapter 6 Evolution, improvement and Ecology of Capitella sp. I: A Waxing version for Polychaete reports (pages 88–115): Susan D. Hill and Robert M. Savage
Chapter 7 Stem mobile Genesis and Differentiation in Leech (pages 116–132): Shirley A. Lang and Daniel H. Shain
Chapter eight mobile and Behavioral homes of studying in Leech and different Annelids (pages 133–155): Kevin M. Crisp and Brian D. Burrell
Chapter nine improvement, Regeneration and Immune Responses of the Leech apprehensive approach (pages 156–184): Michel Salzet and Eduardo Macagno
Chapter 10 Lumbriculus variegatus and the necessity for velocity: A version method for swift get away, Regeneration and Asexual copy (pages 185–202): Mark J. Zoran and Veronica G. Martinez
Chapter eleven Polychaetes in Environmental stories (pages 203–227): Victoria Diaz?Castaneda and Donald J. Reish
Chapter 12 Oligochaete Worms for Ecotoxicological review of Soils and Sediments (pages 228–241): Jorg Rombke and Philipp Egeler
Chapter thirteen Evolution and Ecology of Ophryotrocha (Dorvilleidae, Eunicida) (pages 242–256): Daniel J. Thornhill, Thomas G. Dahlgren and Kenneth M. Halanych
Chapter 14 Cosmopolitan Earthworms—A international and old standpoint (pages 257–283): Robert J. Blakemore
Chapter 15 Hydrothermal Vent Annelids (pages 285–300): Florence Pradillon and Francoise Gaill
Chapter sixteen Glacier Ice Worms (pages 301–313): Paula L. Hartzell and Daniel H. Shain
Chapter 17 Sperm Ultrastructure in Assessing Phylogenetic Relationships between Clitellate Annelids (pages 314–327): Roberto Marotta and Marco Ferraguti
Chapter 18 Clitellate Cocoons and their Secretion (pages 328–346): Jon'elle Coleman and Daniel H. Shain
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Extra resources for Annelids in Modern Biology
2007; Dunn et al. 2008) and will certainly expedite this process. With respect to the second argument, the time frame of annelid radiation is of special interest. The oldest unequivocal annelid fossils stem from the Cambrian and are ∼530 million years old (Conway Morris and Peel 2008). This corresponds with the earliest records of sipunculid fossils (Huang et al. 2004), which are morphologically very similar to modern sipunculids. Given that sipunculids are included in the annelid radiation, one can conclude that a radiation of at least 530 million years must be reconstructed.
7 CONCLUSIONS Summarizing data from molecular (this chapter) as well as morphological investigations (see Bartolomaeus et al. 2005 for review) shows that no uncontroversial system of annelid phylogeny is available. Nevertheless, progress has been observed in the field of molecular annelid systematics. Most analyses agree that clitellates represent derived polychaetes (McHugh 2005). a. Siboglinidae) seem to be polychaete annelids (reviewed in Halanych 2005), and the same is evidently true for Echiura (McHugh 1997; Bleidorn et al.
1999. Higher level relationships of leeches (Annelida: Clitellata: Euhirudinea) based on morphology and gene sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 12, 350–359. Bartolomaeus, T. 1995. Structure and formation of the uncini in Pectinaria koreni, Pectinaria auricoma (Terebellida) and Spirorbis spirorbis (Sabellida): implications for annelid phylogeny and the position of the Pogonophora. Zoomorphology 115, 161–177. , Hausen, H. 2005. Polychaete phylogeny based on morphological data—a comparison of current attempts.
Annelids in Modern Biology by Daniel H. Shain