By Ugur Muldur, Fabienne Corvers, Henri Delanghe, Jim Dratwa, Daniela Heimberger, Brian Sloan, Sandrijn Vanslembrouck, J. Potocnik
More than a century in the past Louis Pasteur saw that “Science is aware no state, simply because wisdom belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world”. His comment has the entire extra resonance this day with the expanding globa- sation of technological know-how, know-how, and trade. however it additionally underlines a big fact: that technological know-how has constantly complicated so much quickly while it's a collective endeavour, with a powerful move of data. in terms of forging cooperation in study, Europe has a magnificent music list. This yr, the ecu Union’s Framework Programme for study and Technological improvement celebrates its twentieth birthday. it's the world’s biggest programme in help of transnational examine, selling cooperation, coor- state, and mobility throughout borders. The 12 months 2007 will see the release of the seventh Framework Programme, the largest and so much bold thus far. This ebook will express how the recent Framework Programme was once prepare and clarify why it took the form it did. it's going to additionally set out its capability affects and the stipulations valuable for it to be successful. within the not easy new worldwide economic climate, wisdom is Europe’s most beneficial source, and i'm confident that, with its extraordinary scale and scope, the seventh Framework Programme is the appropriate technique for a Europe that desires to development in the direction of a knowledge-based financial system. even though, the Framework Programme is barely a really modest a part of overall public R&D spending in Europe, the majority of that is conducted via nationwide governments.
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Additional info for A New Deal for an Effective European Research Policy: The Design and Impacts of the 7th Framework Programme
Source: Robert L. Olson and Jessica Biamonte, New Global Agenda, 2004. United Nation Environment Program. Global Environment Oultook: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives. London: Earthscan, 2002. Central Intelligence Agency, Global Trends 2015: A Dialogues About the Future with Nongovernmental Experts. : CIA, 2000. National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology (NACEPT). The environmental Futures: Emerging Challenges and opportunities for EPA. : NACEPT, 2002. Brown, Lester R.
Philosophical and intellectual pursuit of and search for knowledge on the one hand, and the desire of researchers and their supporters to make scientific knowledge useful and apply it on the other hand. This tension was first recognised by the ancient Greek philosophers, and has been reflected in recurring calls from philosophers and scientists throughout history, including today, for more “research for its own sake”. Within the context of this tension, the change has been located in what has constituted or better what has been considered useful knowledge in each age, in other words in “the changing social expectation of science”: “What counts as useful knowledge differed from patron to patron and society to society, so that Cosimo de Medici and the United States Department of Energy looked for quite different ‘products’ to be created by their clients, but both traded support for the potential of utility”.
S&T, economic growth and competitiveness Modern mainstream economic theory – whether neoclassical, endogenous or evolutionary – has recognised for quite some time now that technological progress and innovation are the main engines of economic growth. According to Baumol, innovation explains much of the extraordinary economic growth record under capitalism. The reason is that in important parts of the economy, competition is based on innovation rather than price. 52 Even basic research generates several direct economic benefits.
A New Deal for an Effective European Research Policy: The Design and Impacts of the 7th Framework Programme by Ugur Muldur, Fabienne Corvers, Henri Delanghe, Jim Dratwa, Daniela Heimberger, Brian Sloan, Sandrijn Vanslembrouck, J. Potocnik