By Simin Karimi
This research addresses the issues scrambling langauges supply for the prevailing syntactic theories through examining the interplay of semantic and discourse practical components with syntactic homes of be aware order during this kind of languages, and via discussing the results of this interplay for common Grammar. 3 interrelated objectives are conscientiously during this paintings. the 1st is to research the syntactic constitution of Persian, a language which indicates unfastened note order. With this research, the writer has accounted for the relative order of categorised expressions, the inducement for his or her attainable rearrangements, and the grammatical result of these reorderings. during this admire, a vast diversity of significant syntactic phenomena, together with item shift, Case, prolonged Projection precept (EPP), binding, and scope interpretation of quantifiers, interrogative words, adverbial words, and unfavorable parts are tested. This monograph is the 1st significant theoretical paintings ever released on Persian, and for this reason fills the prevailing hole through supplying perception into the syntactic constitution of this language. the second one objective is to attach those insights to related linguistic homes in languages within which scrambling happens (e.g. German, Dutch, Hindi, Russian, jap, and Korean), and to supply a deeper knowing of this crew of genetically assorted, yet typologically similar languages. the ultimate and imperative target is to situate the result of this paintings in the framework of the Minimalist software (MP). The investigations during this examine point out that scrambling isn't really an not obligatory rule, and that convinced rules of MP, comparable to the minimum hyperlink , are just probably violated in those languages. additionally, it's proven that cautious research of scrambling with recognize to binding and scope relatives, and a reanalysis of the homes of A and A' routine, forged a few doubts at the relevance of a typology of move in traditional language.
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Extra resources for A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian
Principle A is shown to be unaffected by scrambling, although some parametric differences are observed and analyzed. A cross-linguistic examination of the binding relations is provided which reveals striking similarities between Persian and other scrambling languages such as German, Hindi, Japanese, Korean, and Russian. Chapter 6 concentrates on Long Distance Scrambling (LDS) and constraints that govern this type of operation. A variety of interesting data that exhibit island effects are introduced, and two types of explanations are proposed: processing effects and syntactic effects.
This is specially apparent with respect to direct objects: there are syntactic, semantic, and morphological differences between the specific objects and their nonspecific counterparts. Similar differences are observed with respect to specific and nonspecific subjects of unaccusative and (so-called) passive constructions. Due to the relevance of specificity to the analysis advanced in this work, we present a brief description of this phenomenon in this section. Enç (1991) defines specificity in terms of strong antecedent and weak antecedent.
The discussions in chapters 4 and 5 of this work indicates that this is not the case, at least in Persian. 2. 3. How does Persian fit in? We now turn to Persian. This language is configurational since the c-command relation of the phrasal elements has an impact on binding and scope relations (see chapter 5). The question to address in this section is whether scrambling is the result of Merge or Move. That is, is there evidence indicating that scrambling in Persian is the result of Merge. 1. Empirical evidence The following example suggests that the separation of the quantifier and the head noun is best analyzed by taking a base-generation approach.
A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian by Simin Karimi